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英タイムズ:バスラでイラク「戦争」終結後初の巡回中英軍兵士への狙撃。
http://www.asyura.com/0306/war36/msg/716.html
投稿者 木村愛二 日時 2003 年 7 月 08 日 23:08:24:

英タイムズ:バスラでイラク「戦争」終結後初の巡回中英軍兵士への狙撃。

攻撃者の組織の種類などの分析あり。しかし、バグダッドの軍事当局者は、「ゲリラ戦争」という用語を、中心的な組織行動を意味するからと採用せず。

http://www.timesonline.co.uk/article/0,,7374-738394,00.html
Iraq

July 08, 2003
Sniper shoots British soldier in Basra
From Stephen Farrell in Baghdad

A BRITISH soldier patrolling the streets of Basra has become the first to be shot by a sniper in southern Iraq since the end of the war.

The Ministry of Defence said last night that the man was being treated in a British Army field hospital in Iraq for gunshot wounds to a leg and was in a " stable" condition.

He had been on a routine patrol on the outskirts of the southern city late on Sunday when it came under fire from two gunmen. The attackers escaped under cover of darkness, but five AK47 rifles were seized. The soldier and his regiment were not identified.

The occupation forces in Iraq are being attacked by sniper, mortar and grenade. Their military convoys are ambushed by homemade explosives and rocket and their soldiers are being killed by handgun at point-blank range. But intelligence about who is carrying out such attacks, and why, is scant.

A total of 29 American soldiers and six British military policemen have been killed by hostile action since May 1. Paul Bremer, head of the occupation administration, and Lieutenant-General John Abizaid, incoming head of US Central Command, have both identified three main suspect groups.

The first is leftover cells from Saddam Hussein' s Baath party believed to be responsible for attacks in an area known as the " Sunni triangle" , the heartland of Baathist support bounded by Baghdad, Ramadi and Tikrit, where the vast majority of the attacks have taken place.

Among the worst troublespots are Fallujah, a town 40km (25 miles) west of Baghdad, where American troops have come under near-daily attack since they killed 20 protesters during a demonstration in April. Local people voice anger daily at American raids on houses, accusing US troops of insulting their women and offending Muslim sensitivies, accusations that are denied by American officials.

Tensions rose still further last week after an explosion killed ten people at a mosque used by a local firebrand preacher who had called for resistance to US forces. US Central Command said that the blast happened inside the mosque and was " apparently related to a bomb-manufacturing class" , but local people blamed American airstrikes.

Renegade members of the Saddam Fedayin, a fanatical militia who acted as Saddam' s personal bodyguard and killed political opponents, are also widely rumoured to be involved in some of the attacks in remote locations north of Baghdad, along the River Tigris, where hostility to American presence is high.

Such attacks have included the mortar raid last week on US forces at the Balad airfield base, on the eve of July 4 celebrations, and the kidnap and murder late last month of two US soldiers who were guarding a remote facility 25 miles north of Baghdad.

The mortar attack is widely believed to have been in retaliation by armed, organised semi-guerrilla forces in the area against US forces who used the airfield to launch Operation Sidewinder, the latest in a series of US raids on Baath party loyalists and " subversive elements" .

Coalition officials point out that attacks on soldiers and sabotage of oil pipelines and infrastructure and recent attacks on journalists and one aid agency in Mosul are likely to scare off companies and foreign contractors, hampering efforts to reconstruct the country and increasing resentment among Iraqis at lack of water, electricity and utilities.

The second group identified by US officials are the 100,000 prisoners freed by Saddam before the war, many of whom are still roaming the streets and are responsible, coalition forces believe, for much of the looting and sabotage.

The third is hardline Islamists, reinforced perhaps by overseas recruits eager to resist the infidel US presence in a Muslim country. However, there are few cases of attacks on coalition forces in the much more Islamised south of the country, where Shia groups with strong Iranian links are strongest.

Although six British military policemen training Iraqis were killed last month near the eastern Iraqi city of Amarah, British Intelligence believes that those responsible were not Shias or Islamists but a group led by two former Baathist officials.

One US soldier has been killed in Najaf, Iraq' s holiest city for the majority Shia population, but local people and US military officials believe that he was caught up in a local feud during an investigation into a car theft.

Military personnel in Baghdad told The Times yesterday that while there was evidence of local sophistication and organisation among some of the groups involved, there was no evidence of high-level nationwide co-ordination.

They are hostile to the term " guerrilla" warfare, insisting that this denotes a more centralised command than is the case.

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