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<ワシントンポスト紙のインタビュー記事>安倍首相が改憲前でも集団的自衛権の行使が可能かどうか検討
http://www.asyura2.com/0610/senkyo28/msg/243.html
投稿者 gataro 日時 2006 年 11 月 17 日 21:49:03: KbIx4LOvH6Ccw
 

11月17日付「しんぶん赤旗」の国際面に「改憲前でも集団自衛権行使/安倍首相米紙で表明『交戦規則』見直す」の記事が出ていた(同紙の電子版には出ていないので、残念ながら記事そのものの転載はできない)。

安倍晋三首相は11月14日にワシントンポスト紙のインタビューを受けた。

以下「しんぶん赤旗」記事から安倍氏の考え方や発言について、憲法に関わる部分を箇条書きにする。

・憲法を改定する。
・現行憲法の元でも従来の政府見解を変更して集団自衛権の行使に道を開く必要がある。
・ミサイル防衛で米国に向かうミサイルを日本が撃墜する可能性や海外派兵された自衛隊部隊の「交戦規則」の見直しを検討する。
・「日本の領土上空を飛行して米国に向かう弾道ミサイルを打ち落とすことが憲法で認められているかどうか、いまだに明確でない」
・(「交戦規則」については)「現在の解釈では、日本の部隊は直接攻撃を受けない限り、自分自身を守ることも、あるいは米国その他の同盟軍の部隊を守ることも認められない。
・(憲法の解釈変更の日程については予定表は示さず)「ここの事象を取り上げて、憲法に違反するか検討する必要がある」


ワシントンポスト紙の安倍首相とのインタビュー記事 ⇒
http://www.washingtonpost.com/wp-dyn/content/article/2006/11/14/AR2006111400522.html
Japanese Premier Plans to Fortify U.S. Ties in Meeting With Bush
By Anthony Faiola
Washington Post Foreign Service
Wednesday, November 15, 2006; Page A12

TOKYO, Nov. 14 -- Prime Minister Shinzo Abe on Tuesday outlined a vision for a stronger Japan and vowed to fortify the U.S.-Japan security alliance during his first official meeting with President Bush in Hanoi this weekend.

In a wide-ranging interview with The Washington Post, Abe, who succeeded Junichiro Koizumi in September, also said he would push to redraft Japan's pacifist constitution.

In the current charter, which was drafted by the United States during its occupation of Japan following World War II, Tokyo effectively renounces the use of virtually any form of aggression. Abe, saying he hoped to foster a "new spirit" in Japan, said he would seek a new constitution within six years -- referring to the maximum time a prime minister can serve in office.

Few postwar Japanese leaders have secured such long terms. Given new threats facing Japan -- most notably a nuclear North Korea -- Abe suggested that his administration could take the interim step of reinterpreting the existing constitution to increase defensive capabilities.

Abe noted that it is unclear whether Tokyo is permitted under its own constitution to shoot down a ballistic missile flying over Japanese territory en route to the United States. Rules of engagement for Japanese troops on overseas peacekeeping missions are also severely limited by the constitution. Under current interpretations, for instance, Japanese troops are not permitted to defend themselves -- or U.S. or other allied troops -- unless directly fired upon.

But leading Japanese scholars have said policy changes to address such issues may not require the adoption of a new constitution, and could instead be made through official clarifications issued by the cabinet. While declining to provide a timetable for declaring new security protocols, Abe called for options to be analyzed on a case-by-case basis.

"We need to take up each individual example and study whether they . . . infringe upon the constitution," he said.

The Bush administration has backed the notion of a more assertive Japan, viewing Tokyo as an increasingly important partner at a time of dwindling support for the administration's foreign policies among U.S. allies. But the idea has unnerved critics in China and South Korea, where memories of World War II-era atrocities still run deep.

Since North Korea tested a nuclear device last month, some observers have even feared that Japan might seek to develop its own nuclear weapons. Yet most domestic scholars say Japan, the only nation to ever suffer a nuclear attack, is unlikely to ever seriously consider such an option, even if it saw itself as the primary target for North Korean aggression. Abe echoed those sentiments Tuesday, vowing that Japan would adhere to its nonnuclear principles.

Still, some right-wing leaders here, including a key member of Abe's ruling Liberal Democratic Party, have called for a broader public debate on whether Japan should possess nuclear weapons. While Abe said he would move to prevent any "official" debate, he added that he could not stop private citizens from expressing their views.

"For the general public to discuss this matter -- for example, academics, scholars or journalists -- is the freedom of the Japanese people," said Abe, 52. "I am not in a position of restricting that."

Abe, considered hawkish by most analysts here, has taken the global lead in calling for international sanctions against North Korea for conducting a nuclear test and has imposed its own sanctions on the Pyongyang government. On Tuesday, Abe approved a series of new measures banning the export of luxury goods to North Korea, an action aimed directly at the authoritarian elite in Pyongyang who revel in high-end Japanese goods.

During his first six weeks in office, Abe has at times sought to moderate his tone. For instance, while he has backed Koizumi's controversial decision to pay annual homage at a Tokyo shrine honoring the country's military dead, including World War II-era war criminals, Abe has refused to say whether he will continue to make such visits himself.

"Now that he is in office, Abe is trying to hide his beliefs," said Tenzo Okumura, a leading member of the opposition Democratic Party. "As the prime minister of Japan, he has the responsibility to the Japanese people to be clear on his positions, but he has chosen to be ambiguous."

This weekend, Abe will meet with Bush at the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation summit in Hanoi.

The prime minister said he would use the occasion to stress the importance of maintaining a strong alliance with the United States and a firm line on North Korea. Some U.S. Democrats and Republicans have questioned Bush's refusal to hold direct negotiations with the North Koreans. Instead, the United States has agreed to meet them only within the context of six-party talks that also include China, Japan, Russia and South Korea. Japanese officials have favored Bush's approach, which has given Tokyo a greater role in the issue.

When asked whether he felt that policy might change with the new Democrat-controlled Congress, Abe reiterated Japan's desire to maintain the current multilateral format. "I believe that the six-party talks is the place to resolve the North Korean issue," he said.

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