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必然的な結果として、シオニストたちはＳＳ保安部（S.S. Security Service）のバロン・フォン・ミルデンシュタイン（Baron Von Mildenstein）をパレスチナに送り込み、彼はシオニストの支援で６ヶ月間そこに滞在した。ヒトラーの宣伝相ジョセフ・ゲッベルス（Joseph Goebbels）はこの訪問を１９３４年にDer Angriff （猛攻撃）という１２部の報告書にまとめ、シオニズムを褒め称えた。ゲッベルスは片面にスワスチカを、もう片面にはシオニストのダビデの星をあしらった大型メダルを作るように命じたのだ。１９３５年５月に、ＳＳ保安部主任のラインハルト・ハイドリッヒ（Reinhardt Heydrich）は、ユダヤ人を《二つの種類》に区別した文書を書いた。彼が好んだユダヤ人はシオニストたちである。《我々の善意は我々の公式な好意と一緒になって彼らと共にある。》１９３７年には労働『社会主義』シオニストの軍勢であるハガナー（ジャボチンスキーにより創設）は一人のエージェント（フェイヴェル・ポルケス；Feivel Polkes）をベルリンに送り、ユダヤ人の富をシオニスト植民活動のために開放することと引き換えに、ＳＳ保安部のためのスパイ活動を提供した。アドルフ・アイヒマンがパレスチナにハガナーのゲストとして招待されたのである。【注記：ユダヤ人への迫害を決定的にしたニュルンベルグ法はすでに１９３５年に制定されている。有名な「水晶の夜」は１９３９年１１月に起こった。】
１９７９年に英国の歴史雑誌History Todayにジャコブ・ボウズ（Jacob Boas）による「ナチ党員、パレスチナに行く"A Nazi travels to Palestine"」が掲載されたのですが、それはナチスがシオニストと手を結んでいかにイスラエル建国に協力したのか、に関する研究でした。その内容は上に引用したラルフ・シューマンの文章にあるものと同じですが、冒頭に掲げるゲッベルスが鋳造させたコインの写真はレニ・ブレンナーの提供によるもののようです。しかしそれ以降、シオニストによる猛烈な攻撃と妨害により、イスラエルとナチスの関係は近代史最大のタブーの一つにとなりました。
A coin with two sides
AT the end of 1979 a row broke out in Britain over the fairly innocent and respectable magazine History Today, which links professional historians who write most of its copy to teachers, students, and the interested general reader. There were complaints to the publishers, letters to newspapers, even attempts to remove the magazine from some newsagents' shelves.
Such publicity must have been a bit of a shock to the magazine's editors and writers, though it can't have harmed circulation figures, I imagine. I even invested 60p in a copy of the January 1980 issue myself. (Nowadays I think the magazine costs over £3.00).
What caused the furore was an article entitled "A Nazi travels to Palestine", by Jacob Boas. Or rather, it was the publicity for the article, because people started kicking up a fuss before they could even have read what Boas had to say in it.
Boas's article described how Baron Leopold Itz von Mildenstein, a member of the Nazi party and of Hitler's SS, set out in the Spring of 1933, accompanied by his wife and Kurt Tuchler, an official of the Zionist Federation of Germany, also with his wife, on a journey to Palestine.
Hitler had just become Chancellor, and begun his anti-Jewish policies. Julius Streicher wanted to drive the Jews out of Germany. But the Nazis were not clear about how they intended to set about this without disrupting the already Depression-beset German economy, and nor did they know what the effects might be on Germany's relations with the rest of the world.
The Zionists, for their part, were enjoying an upsurge of support among German Jews after Hitler took office in January 1933. Most had seen little point before in leaving a country where they were well-established to take their chances in poor and troubled Palestine. They saw themselves as good Germans whose future, like so much of their past, was in the Fatherland. But now Hitler was telling them otherwise.
The Juedische Rundschaue, fortnightly paper of the Zionist Federation, saw its circulation climb from less than 10,000 to almost 38,500 by the end of 1933. It declared that only those whose commitment to the Jewish people was beyond reproach could defend Jewish rights. It also said that only the Zionists were capable of approaching the Nazis in good faith as "honest partners".
The Zionists proposed that the status of German Jews be regulated on a group basis, and asked for government help towards emigration. Von Mildenstein, approached to write something favourable about Zionism and its project in Palestine, agreed on condition that he could make a visit, accompanied by Kurt Tuchler. He was favourably impressed, and saw advantages for Germany, as well as for the SS as proposers of a policy.
A series of article entitled "Ein Nazi faehrt nach Palestina" began in September 1934 in Der Angriff , Goebbels' newspaper. It ran for twelve parts. Von Mildenstein saw in the Jewish settlement on the land a form of rebirth fitting Nazi notions about blood and soil, as well as a way of ridding Germany of Jews. But life was difficult in Palestine, and problems were looming, in Palestinian Arab resistance to Zionist colonisation and British rule.
Though the SS gave privileges to Zionists over other Jewish groups, assisting their youth movements, and giving them the right to wear uniform and fly the blue and white flag, Von Mildenstein's own star faded amid rivalries and policy failures, while a man he had brought into the Jewish department came to the fore, one Adolf Eichmann.
Himself a survivor, born in Westerbork concentration camp, Boas is a noted Holocaust historian and educator, who did not go out of his way to sensationalise this episode or demonise those taking part. He did not go on to consider later responsibilities, the role of the Evian conference, or Jewish Agency agreements, or whether more Jews could have been rescued if they could have gone elsewhere. His part of the story ends there, in 1936.
But while Von Mildenstein was influencing policy, Der Angriff had a medal struck to commemorate his voyage to Palestine, a medal with the Nazi swastka on one side and the Star of David on the other. History Today used this motif in publicity for its January 1980 issue with Jacob Boas article.
This brought howls of outrage from Zionist student spokespersons and others convinced it was their duty to protect Zionism from any suggestion that its leaders ever collaborated with Nazis, and to denounce History Today's supposed motives as well as an article they had not yet read. For some this subject remains taboo, even when broached by an objective and even fairly sympathetic historian, as Boas was.
When Lenni Brenner, author of Zionism in the Age of the Dictators, came to speak in Britain a few years after this row, all hell broke out, as I can testify, having been on the receiving end of a few punches when I tried to stop some Zionist yobbos breaking up a meeting and throwing furniture around. Whether or not one likes Brenner, or agrees with his approach, his opponents were unable to debate the facts in his books, and had to persuade themselves they were tackling something else.
Now I am grateful to Lenni Brenner for sending a picture of a solid reminder of the past. He writes that John Sigler, an anti-Zionist Jew, has found one of Goebbels' medals, struck to commemorate Von Mildenstein's trip.
" John bought his medal from a respected coin dealer. It's about 1.5" in diameter and was originally in bronze. It is thicker than a coin. The photo is of a silvered bronze. (Silvered medals are common.).
"The Star of David side inscription reads: EIN NAZI FÄHRT NACH PALÄSTINA -- A Nazi Travels to Palestine. The Swastika side inscription is UND ERZÄHLT DAVON IM Angriff -- And tells about it in the Angriff".
Nazis and Zionists were not evenly matched in the nightmare of the 1930s and nor were their motives equally evil. But today's Holocaust revisionism and denial, whether from neo-Nazis or their dupes, has as the other side of its coin, or medal, the way the Zionist propaganda machine has sought to monopolise and distort this piece of history for its own ends, leaving out and denying whatever does not fit its myth. History must be rescued from both sets of foes.
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