★阿修羅♪ > 政治・選挙・NHK44 > 589.html
 ★阿修羅♪
日本、温室効果ガス排出権をハンガリーから購入へ【英フィナンシャル・タイムズ紙】(どこへ行く、日本。)
http://www.asyura2.com/07/senkyo44/msg/589.html
投稿者 gataro 日時 2007 年 11 月 25 日 08:56:11: KbIx4LOvH6Ccw
 

http://ameblo.jp/warm-heart/entry-10057048215.html から転載。

2007-11-25 08:24:30
gataro-cloneの投稿

日本、温室効果ガス排出権をハンガリーから購入へ【英フィナンシャル・タイムズ紙】
テーマ:環境・農業

英紙フィナンシャル・タイムズ(11月23日付・電子版)は、日本はハンガリーから温室効果ガス排出権を購入する方針で、これは日本が「ロシアから大規模な排出権を購入する前兆であって ― 京都議定書に基づく義務を果たす手段としての排出権購入だと批判を浴びることになろう(a move that could foreshadow a much larger purchase from Russia - and one that would provoke criticism as a means of meeting its obligations under the Kyoto protocol)、と伝えている。

なお同紙によると、日本はハンガリーとの合意次第で、今後チェコとポーランドからも同様の排出権を購入する方向。その結果がロシアとの購入契約につながっていく。

日本は京都議定書で1990年基準から6%下回る排出量を約束していたが、実際には、現在8%上回っている。そのため日本は世界最大の排出権購入国になる可能性がある、と同紙は報じている。

==========================================

http://www.ft.com/cms/s/0/d04dce36-9965-11dc-bb45-0000779fd2ac.html?nclick_check=1

Japan to start buying cheap carbon credits
By David Pilling in Tokyo and Fiona Harvey in London

Published: November 23 2007 02:00 | Last updated: November 23 2007 02:00

Japan will announce as early as next week that it intends to buy carbon credits from Hungary, a move that could foreshadow a much larger purchase from Russia - and one that would provoke criticism as a means of meeting its obligations under the Kyoto protocol.

Japan could become the world's biggest buyer of -carbon credits because, under Kyoto, it has pledged to cut emissions to 6 per cent below 1990 levels but is currently 8 per cent above.

The memorandum of understanding with Hungary could lead to similar deals with Poland and the Czech Republic, officials from Japan's trade ministry said, and would test the waters for a contract with Russia.

Buying carbon credits from Russia and Hungary would provoke criticism because the credits do not result in cuts in emissions. Under the Kyoto protocol, negotiated in 1997, targets to cut emissions were set relative to 1990 levels but eastern European countries, including Russia, lost much of their industry following the collapse of the Soviet Union, so their emissions today are much lower than in 1990. This means they have large numbers of -carbon credits, known as "assigned amount units" or AAUs, for sale.

Japan is interested in Hungarian and Russian credits because they are much cheaper than the alternative, which do result in emissions cuts. These "certified emissions reductions" are awarded by the United Nations to emissions-cutting projects in developing countries, such as wind farms or methane capture.

Japan has so far contracted to buy an estimated 350m tonnes of certified emission reductions (CERs). If Tokyo decides to buy from Hungary and Russia, that could hurt the market for CERs as the country is likely to be such a big buyer of credits.

Toshihiro Mitsuhashi, director of the trade ministry's office for the promotion of the Kyoto mechanism, said Japan was reluctant to pay what he said were the "crazy prices" being fetched by CERs. These had recently climbed to about €17 a tonne, he said.

"There's some criticism that buying AAUs somehow doesn't help the earth," said Mr Mitsuhashi. "We have promised to meet our Kyoto obligation but we will use any means necessary. These AAUs exist. There's no reason we can't use them."

Mr Mitsuhashi said that, to forestall criticism, Japan would insist that countries selling carbon credits set aside the proceeds for green projects. But he acknowledged that any deal with Russia would invite suspicion that the money would not be spent on the environment, but instead "go into the pocket of [Russian] bureaucrats".

Gavin Raftery, senior associate at law firm Baker & McKenzie's Tokyo office, said Japan was struggling to balance the cost of buying credits with its wish to be an environmental leader.

"I find it hard to believe that Japan would just cash out by only buying from Russia's big balloon of hot air despite inevitable environmental criticism," he said.

Mark Partington, a consultant to EEA Fund Management, a carbon asset manager, said threatening to buy from Hungary and Russia was Japan's way of signalling it was not prepared to "comply at any price".

Japan is reluctant to spend vast amounts to comply with Kyoto as the US has never ratified the treaty and India and China have no obligation to cut emissions. Mr Mitsuhashi said Japan had to think about its own taxpayers as well as the environment.

The issue is becoming increasingly sensitive in Japan because Tokyo is hosting the G8 meeting of advanced economies next year at which climate change is expected to be a key issue.

  拍手はせず、拍手一覧を見る

 次へ  前へ

▲このページのTOPへ      HOME > 政治・選挙・NHK44掲示板

フォローアップ:

このページに返信するときは、このボタンを押してください。投稿フォームが開きます。

 

  拍手はせず、拍手一覧を見る


★登録無しでコメント可能。今すぐ反映 通常 |動画・ツイッター等 |htmltag可(熟練者向)|(各説明

←ペンネーム新規登録ならチェック)
↓ペンネーム(なしでも可能。あったほうが良い)

↓パスワード(ペンネームに必須)

(ペンネームとパスワードは初回使用で記録、次回以降にチェック。パスワードはメモすべし。)
↓画像認証
( 上画像文字を入力)
ルール確認&失敗対策
画像の URL (任意):
最新投稿・コメント全文リスト  コメント投稿はメルマガで即時配信  スレ建て依頼スレ
★阿修羅♪ http://www.asyura2.com/  since 1995
 題名には必ず「阿修羅さんへ」と記述してください。
掲示板,MLを含むこのサイトすべての
一切の引用、転載、リンクを許可いたします。確認メールは不要です。
引用元リンクを表示してください。