米国がアフガンに使用した「真空爆弾」は、ナチスドイツが開発したものだった

 ★阿修羅♪

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投稿者 佐藤雅彦 日時 2001 年 11 月 24 日 17:47:14:

(回答先: アメリカがBLU-82を使用した模様 投稿者 付箋 日時 2001 年 11 月 24 日 10:31:59)

●小ブッシュが屁ットラーなら、小泉はムッツリーニってとこでしょうか……。
冗談はさておき、米軍がアフガニスタンで使用した「真空爆弾」――いわゆる
「燃料気化爆弾」――は、ナチスドイツが開発したものでした。さいわい実戦
には間に合わなかったわけですが、もしこれが第二次大戦で使われていれ
ば、その後の世界は今と全く違ったものになっていたかも知れません。

●戦後の米国が「プロジェクト・ペイパークリップ」を実施し、国務省やCIA
をはじめとする諜報機関の総掛かりでナチスの軍事科学者や秘密警察
メンバーを米国に“密輸”したのは有名な歴史的事実であり、米国の航空
宇宙産業なんてナチスの“遺産”を土台にしているに等しいわけですが、
その米国が、ヴェトナム戦争で「真空爆弾」を使ったと言われています。
しかしソ連が20年前のアフガン戦争で対人殺戮用に大がかりに使用した
のが有名な話だそうで……。

●「真空爆弾」はペルシャ湾岸戦争でも米国が使用しましたが、このときに
「ナチスドイツの粉塵爆弾が原型だった」という話を聞いたことがありました。
ドイツは炭坑の爆発事故からヒントを得て粉塵爆弾――つまりエアロゾル
爆弾――の開発に着手したとか……。(このあたりの事情についてご存じの
方がいたら、フォローしていただけるとありがたいです。)

●ユーゴ戦争の際には、米国はミロシェヴィッチ大統領に「真空爆弾」の
実演ビデオを送りつけて恫喝し、恐れをなしたミロシェヴィッチはただちに
降参したとか……。 “大日本帝国”に原爆を使用するに際して、マンハッタン
計画の科学者のなかには、無人島に日本の軍人を呼んで爆発実演を見せ、
降伏を促したらどうかと政府中枢に提案した者もいたそうですが、まさに
半世紀たってから、こういう解決策が採られていたようです。しかし、欧州
の白人に対しては政治的恫喝で済んでいたのに、イラクやアフガニスタン
の“異人種”に対しては容赦なく小型原爆なみの「真空爆弾」を使うとは……。

●第二次大戦後の米国の軍事・諜報インフラはナチス・ドイツの“跡継ぎ”
と呼ぶにふさわしいものですが、ヒットラーでさえ使わなかった横暴野蛮な
“因縁づけ”でアフガニスタンに戦争をふっかけ、ナチス・ドイツが生み出し
た“エセ原爆”を容赦なく使っている小ブッシュは、まさにヒットラーの二番煎じ
と呼ぶにふさわしい。こういう横暴な権力にあこがれるのは、すくなくとも
明治維新以来のニッポンの政治的伝統ですが、日本で昨今露骨に噴出
している米国発“恐喝戦争(War on Terror)”への理不尽な傾倒は、近衛
政権時代の「新体制」運動を連想させます。

  藪大統領が屁ットラー、変人首相がムッツリーニ。
    ……ろくでもない茶番ですな。

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http://www.yomiuri.co.jp/attack/1121_13.htm
【読売】
米英露・専門家に聞く 対テロ戦争、進展の 理由

アフガニスタンでテロ勢力掃討作戦を遂行する米英軍は、先月7日の 攻撃開始から約1か月半の現時点で既にタリバン政権を崩壊させ、最 大標的とするテロ組織指導者ウサマ・ビンラーディンの潜伏地区に肉 薄しつつあると伝えられる。当初、一部にあった泥沼化の懸念を覆し、 少なくともこれまでは順調な作戦展開をもたらした要因は何か。米英両 国と、ソ連時代にアフガン侵攻の経験を持つロシア軍の専門家に聞い た。
   (中略)

【ロシア】ウラジーミル・ベロウス・軍アカデミー教授(退役少将)
 今後、山岳地帯での対ゲリラ戦になれば、困難も予想されるものの、米 英軍によるアフガン作戦は、相応の成果を上げている。その要因とし て多様な兵器の投入と、破壊力での圧倒的優位が挙げられる。アフガ ンに投入された米軍兵器の中でも、「真空爆弾」と呼ばれ、1発で数平 方キロ・メートルの範囲を吹き飛ばす燃料気化爆弾(BLU―82)はタリ バン掃討に威力を発揮した。この爆弾は単体の攻撃目標ではなく1つ の区域全体を壊滅させられるため、タリバンの軍事施設が集まる地区 の攻略には特に有効だったと言える。
 レーザー誘導爆弾やミサイルの命中精度の向上も大きな戦果をもたら した背景要因の1つだ。攻撃目標を正確に効率よく破壊することを可 能にした。巡航ミサイル「トマホーク」は湾岸戦争でも使われたが、当時 の命中精度は必ずしも良いとは言えなかった。しかし湾岸戦争後に米 国は改良を重ね、99年のNATO軍による対ユーゴスラビア空爆で精 度がかなり上がったことを示した。今回は精度がさらに高くなってい る。(同 国際部 緒方 賢一)
(2001年11月21日)

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サンデータイムズ2000年1月30日

Bomb video took fight out of Milosevic
【爆弾のビデオを見てミロシェヴィッチは戦意を失った】

(http://www.sunday-times.co.uk/news/pages/sti/2000/01/30/stifgneur03004.html?999\ 引用者注:このリンクは現在無効) - Sunday Times

US sent Yugoslav army generals a video showing the devastating effect of one of its most potent weapons - the vacuum, or fuel-air, bomb - shortly before Slobodan Milosevic gave in to western demands over Kosovo last summer, diplomatic sources have reveale
【米国はユーゴスラヴィアの将軍たちに1本の送りつけた。それは最強の破壊力を持つ或る種の兵器の壊滅的効果を示したビデオだった。その兵器とは「真空爆弾」である。「燃料気化爆弾」とも呼ばれるこの兵器の威力を見せつけられて、スロボーダン・ミロシェヴィッチは咋夏ただちに、コソヴォ問題に関する西側勢力の要求を受け入れるに至ったという。――外交筋の証言から新たな真相が判明。】
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サンデータイムズ2000年1月30日の記事の紹介
http://www.aeronautics.ru/nws002/sundaytimes002.htm

Bomb video took fight out of Milosevic

(写真:Russian ODAB-500 vacuum bombs at Mozdok airbase during combat operations in Chechnya.)

Russian ODAB-500 vacuum bombs at Mozdok airbase during combat operations in Chechnya.

[Please see my comments at the bottom. Venik]

"America sent Yugoslav army generals a video showing the devastating effect of one of its most potent weapons - the vacuum, or fuel-air, bomb - shortly before Slobodan Milosevic gave in to western demands over Kosovo last summer, diplomatic sources have revealed. Analysts believe the video, probably the product of one of America's shadowy "psychological operations" units, may have contributed to bringing the war to an end.

As the air campaign begun in March dragged on into June, Milosevic realised that his only ally, Russia, was likely to abandon him.

Nato's bombs had caused extensive damage, and sources in Belgrade have claimed that his wife, Mira Markovic, was growing increasingly hysterical.

However, when the Yugoslav army subsequently emerged from Kosovo largely intact, the mystery of why Milosevic caved in intensified. Diplomats have now supplied what could be the jigsaw's missing piece.

"Up until then Milosevic had believed the strikes were kind of a saloon bar game," said one source. "But this video would have made him take a long, hard look at what was in store.

"The vacuum bomb makes an almighty flash and clears everything beneath it. There would have been nothing left of his army."

A single bomb, made of phosphorus and plasma, generates such intense heat and downward pressure that anything, including tanks, spread across an area about the size of 10 football pitches, is seared. All the oxygen is sucked out of the area under the explosion; but rapid cooling afterwards means that an invading army can enter the area just 30 minutes later.

"Milosevic is a great poker player and he doesn't mind putting thousands of lives at risk, but this made him blink," said the source.

A Croatian television journalist, Nino Bantic, who covered the Kosovo and Bosnian wars, saw the aftermath of an American vacuum bomb dropped for demonstration purposes on an island in the Dalmatian archipelago in 1994.

At the time the Americans were trying to boost the morale of the Croatian army. "It was weird," Bantic said. "They'd left cages with pigs there. The cages were almost intact, but there was nothing left of the animals."

Six months later, the Croatians fell out of favour with the Americans as they waged a campaign of ethnic cleansing against Serbs.

There is no evidence that vacuum bombs, used by America in the Gulf war in 1991 and by Russia in Afghanistan in the 1980s, were ever used in the Balkans.

Milosevic's ruminations over the video are believed to have coincided with the pounding of Yugoslav army positions from multiple rocket launcher systems mounted in B-52 high-altitude bombers. Nato claimed that the weapons had killed hundreds of young soldiers near the Albanian border.

Tim Judah, the author of a forthcoming history of the conflict, said he believed the Yugoslav president had seen enough.

"The last thing he wanted was the KLA coming streaming down into Kosovo unopposed, the Serbs fleeing in their wake," he said. "It's quite possible that something like a video may have influenced him."

The influence of psy-ops - psychological operations units that are more developed in the American army than in any European force - is one of the untold stories of the Kosovo war.

Earlier in the campaign, American planes had showered Yugoslav army and Serbian police positions with leaflets urging them to desert: "Don't wait for me," one of them said, beneath a menacing cartoon of an A-10 tankbuster. American C-130 planes had beamed radio messages to the security forces and to Milosevic in Belgrade.

The Pentagon refused to confirm the vacuum bomb video theory. But a source at the office of the joint chiefs of staff said: "Certainly radio messages may have explained what these weapons would do, and there could have been a video."

Military sources in Belgrade confirmed that they had heard about the video. One diplomat said a "friendly intermediary" took it to the Yugoslavs.

That Milosevic gambled with the lives of innocent conscript soldiers and civilians has enraged his opponents. Crown Prince Alexander, heir to the throne of Yugoslavia, whose family fled the country during the second world war, said the president had shown little compassion for those "killed and maimed to keep him in power".

Speaking as he rallied the Serbian opposition in Bosnia last week, he said Milosevic "had not made a single gesture to any soldiers or bereaved families."

Some western diplomats who met Alexander said they hoped the issue of the war dead could galvanise the opposition. Milosevic has claimed that about 600 died, but one diplomat has said the B-52 onslaught killed thousands a day.

Many diplomats believe Milosevic and his inner circle are increasingly paranoid after the murder of the gangster Arkan. One source claimed Milosevic may have had an opportunity to flee to Belarus but, since his indictment as a war criminal, he is trapped - and dangerous."
(source: Sunday Times, 01-30-00)

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Commentary:

The reason I put this article on my site is to illustrate how naive some seemingly serious journalists and publications can be. The above masterpiece of mental masturbation by Sunday Times simply calls for a reply, which I am more than happy to provide.

Fuel-air bombs (a.k.a aerosol bombs, vacuum bombs, volume-detonation bombs) were first developed in Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Other countries also experimented with this weapon, but the Germans were the first to come up with a design that could be actually used in combat.

Such bombs existed for decades and are a part of the arsenal of many countries, including Yugoslavia. For the first time vacuum bombs were used on a large scale in combat by the Soviet Air Force in Afghanistan to destroy mountainous hideouts of Islamic fighters. (There is ample evidence that vacuum bombs were used by the USAF in Vietnam, but Americans vehemently deny this and right now I don't feel like arguing.)

These bombs proved to be very effective. During the Operation Desert Storm fuel-air shells were used by American artillery and the USAF used fuel-air bombs. Vacuum bombs were also used by the Russian Air Force during the 1994- 1996 Chechen war and, I believe, are being used now, although Russian AF officials deny that and arguing with Russian generals is just as hopeless as arguing with American generals, although not as entertaining.

Fuel-air bombs are relatively inexpensive, although I would say they are simple to construct. The main consideration is the quality of explosive aerosol and methods of its delivery. In 1994 the US tested a new, more powerful version of fuel-air bomb, as the article above mentions. However, this was not related in any way to the situation in the Balkans. Simply, earlier in 1994 Russia tested a new powerful fuel-air bomb and Americans felt they had to react. Later in 1995 Russians presented ODAB-500PM fuel-air bomb (a medium-class bomb) at the Paris armaments show.

Fuel-air bombs are effective against area targets or hard-to- reach targets, such as caves, reinforced buildings. However, such weapons would have been quite useless against Yugoslav army dispersed rather thinly in Kosovo and the rest of Serbia. American pilots had trouble identifying individual military targets in the field and there were really no military area targets to bomb that weren't already attacked with cluster bombs and cruise missiles. Fuel-air bombs could have been used against civilian targets of course, especially considering that the USAF, lacking in most other departments, seemed to be particularly proficient in attacking power stations, schools and hospitals.
On the other hand, there is simply no need to use fuel-air bombs against unprotected civilian targets, when the job can be done just as well by cluster bombs used by the USAF. Was Milosevic scared by the video of a fuel-air bomb detonation? I don't think so. As Russians say, it's like trying to scare a hedgehog with your bare ass.

In fact, his chances in the war would have been considerably boosted on the propaganda front, if Americans did use the vacuum bomb. The only thing this bomb could have destroyed was the waning consensus within NATO.

Everybody is trying to answer one important question: why did Milosevic agree to a deal with NATO? Western media is desperate to find an answer. Naturally, American and British journalists are hoping to find the explanation in the overrated might of their armies. It's an ego problem common among underworked and overpaid journalists. It seems to me that during the entire operation Allied Force, the Yugoslav army remained ready to meet NATO ground troops in Kosovo or elsewhere. If that would have happened, American military experts estimated that NATO's losses would have been at 150,000+ troops before Yugoslavia would have surrendered. And that's if Yugoslavia decided to surrender. That's also if Russia maintained it's official non-involvement policy, which I find highly unlikely.

Eventually, it became clear that, except for the British, no NATO member even wanted to talk about a ground war in Kosovo. The option of a ground war was essentially off the table in late May and early June. Yugoslav army did not have a chance of meeting the enemy on the ground. Once Milosevic realized that there will be no big showdown in Kosovo, he did the only logical thing and signed the peace deal.

Venik

01-30-00


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http://www.truthinmedia.org/Bulletins2000/tim2000-2-2.html

London Times’ Credibility Implodes on Vacuum Bomb Story (by Venik)

LONDON, Jan. 30 - The London Sunday Times published a bombastic story on Jan. 20, “Bomb video took fight out of Milosevic.”

Filed by Tom Walker from Banja Luka, Bosnian Serb Republic, the article said that, America sent Yugoslav army generals a video showing the devastating effect of one of its most potent weapons - the vacuum, or fuel-air, bomb - shortly before Slobodan Milosevic gave in to western demands over Kosovo last summer, diplomatic sources have revealed.?

And that, “analysts believe the video, probably the product of one of America's shadowy ‘psychological operations’ units, may have contributed to bringing the war to an end,” according to the Sunday Times.

Well, one of our readers and occasional contributor to TiM on subjects dealing with military matters has taken issue with the Sunday Times story.? Here’s a comment submitted to TiM by “Venik,” a pseudonym which our old-time readers may recognize from our wartime reports on NATO’s bombing of Serbia (see S99-48, Day 29, Update 1, Item 5, Apr. 21 《 http://www.truthinmedia.org/Kosovo/War/day29up1.html 》, for example, or S99-139, KFOR "Peacefarce" 33, Item 2, Aug. 24 《 http://www.truthinmedia.org/Kosovo/War/day29up1.html 》).

Click on the title to read the original Sunday Times article: “Bomb video took fight out of Milosevic” . ( http://www.sunday-times.co.uk/news/pages/sti/2000/01/30/stifgneur03004.html?1175281 引用者注:このリンクは現在は無効)

“Fuel-air bombs (a.k.a aerosol bombs, vacuum bombs, volume-detonation bombs) were first developed in Nazi Germany during the Second World War. Other countries also experimented with this weapon, but the Germans were the first to come up with a design that could be actually used in combat.

Such bombs existed for decades and are a part of the arsenal of many countries, including Yugoslavia. For the first time vacuum bombs were used on a large scale in combat by the Soviet Air Force in Afghanistan to destroy mountainous hideouts of Islamic fighters. (There is ample evidence that vacuum bombs were used by the USAF in Vietnam, but Americans vehemently deny this, and right now, I don't feel like arguing.)

These bombs proved to be very effective. During the Operation Desert Storm fuel-air shells were used by American artillery and the USAF used fuel-air bombs. Vacuum bombs were also used by the Russian Air Force during the 1994-1996 Chechen war and, I believe, are being used now, although Russian AF officials deny that.? Arguing with Russian generals is just as hopeless as arguing with American generals, although not as entertaining.

Fuel-air bombs are relatively inexpensive, although I would say they are simple to construct. The main consideration is the quality of explosive aerosol and methods of its delivery. In 1994, the US tested a new, more powerful version of fuel-air bomb, as the article above mentions. However, this was not related in any way to the situation in the Balkans. Simply, earlier in 1994 Russia tested a new powerful fuel-air bomb and Americans felt they had to react. Later in 1995 Russians presented ODAB-500PM fuel-air bomb (a medium-class bomb) at the Paris armaments show.

Fuel-air bombs are effective against area targets or hard-to-reach targets, such as caves, reinforced buildings. However, such weapons would have been quite useless against Yugoslav Army dispersed rather thinly in Kosovo and the rest of Serbia. American pilots had trouble identifying individual military targets in the field, and there were really no military area targets to bomb that weren't already attacked with cluster bombs and cruise missiles.

Fuel-air bombs could have been used against civilian targets of course, especially considering that the USAF, lacking in most other departments, seemed to be particularly proficient in attacking power stations, schools and hospitals. On the other hand, there is simply no need to use fuel-air bombs against unprotected civilian targets, when the job can be done just as well by cluster bombs used by the USAF.

Was Milosevic scared by the video of a fuel-air bomb detonation? I don't think so. As Russians say, it's like trying to scare a hedgehog with your bare bottom. In fact, his chances in the war would have been considerably boosted on the propaganda front, if Americans did use the vacuum bomb. The only thing this bomb could have destroyed was the waning consensus within NATO.

Everybody is trying to answer one important question: why did Milosevic agree to a deal with NATO? Western media is desperate to find an answer. Naturally, American and British journalists are hoping to find the explanation in the overrated might of their armies. It's an ego problem common among underworked and overpaid journalists.

It seems to me that during the entire operation Allied Force, the Yugoslav army remained ready to meet NATO ground troops in Kosovo or elsewhere. If that had happened, American military experts estimated that NATO's losses would have been at 150,000+ troops before Yugoslavia would have surrendered. And that's if Yugoslavia decided to surrender. That's also if Russia maintained it's official non-involvement policy, which I find highly unlikely.

Eventually, it became clear that, except for the British, no NATO member even wanted to talk about a ground war in Kosovo. The option of a ground war was essentially off the table in late May and early June. Yugoslav Army did not have a chance of meeting the enemy on the ground. Once Milosevic realized that there will be no big showdown in Kosovo, he did the only logical thing and signed the peace deal.”

Venik
(“Venik” is a pseudonym for an occasional contributor to TiM on military matters whose real identity is known to TiM. You can visit Veniks Web page at: http://venik.way.to ).

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