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Re:マッキンタイヤー記者がその後に語った、ペンタゴンの秘密主義体質(情報封鎖)
http://www.asyura2.com/0502/bd39/msg/154.html
投稿者 ファントムランチ 日時 2005 年 3 月 03 日 20:26:40: oswAM6lqBSCW6

(回答先: Re: 仏『レゾーヴォルテール』(2月28日)が載せた映像と記事の抜粋 投稿者 さすれば 日時 2005 年 3 月 01 日 22:53:06)

★さすればさん、こんばんわ。フォローアップのご投稿ありがとうございました。
いつもよくフランス語記事の翻訳などを読ませてもらっております。
今回、レゾーヴォルテールがこのような記事を掲載したとはとても心強い思いです。

このCNNの軍事問題専門のジェイミー・マッキンタイヤー記者は、
ペンタゴンに航空機が激突したどんな証拠もないとリポートしながらも、
3日後にはそれは航空機だったときっぱり明言したということですが、
じっさい彼がどのような発言をしたのか知りたいところですね。
前言を覆すにしても、見てもいないものを見たとまではふつう言えませんよね。

★彼に関してネットで調べてみたところ、ちょっと興味深い記事が見つかりました。
それは9.11事件の1ヶ月ほど後の2001年10月10日付けとなっている、
「The Pentagon And The Press(ペンタゴンと新聞報道)」という記事です。
このリポートはテレンス・スミスという別の記者の取材によるものですが、
同年10月7日にアブガニスタン攻撃が開始されたばかり状況下において、
9.11事件以来のペンタゴンの情報封鎖と、報道のあり方を問う内容となっており、
複数の人物の発言を引用しているなかで、マッキンタイヤー氏も登場します。
全文は最後に転載しますが、まずここでは彼の言葉のみを抽出し、訳を付けてみます:

JAMIE McINTYRE: Secretary Rumsfeld has issued an edict essentially telling everybody not to talk about anything. So even the flow of routine information has been shut down, to the point where some things that are even obvious aren't acknowledged by people in the Pentagon.
ジェイミー・マッキンタイヤー:ラムズフェルド長官は、原則的に何も話さないようすべての者たち【職員全員】に命じる布告を出しました。それにより慣例化したように情報は遮断され、それだけでなく何らかの見え透いた出来事でさえペンタゴンの人々は認めようとしなくなりました。

JAMIE McINTYRE: If their first instinct is not to talk at all about things, then disinformation from the other side can gain more currency than it would normally. So it's up to us, with less information, to try to figure out whether what we are reporting is, of course, a, accurate, and b, whether it could have any effect on the ongoing operation.
ジェイミー・マッキンタイヤー:物事について些かも語らないことが彼らの職分だというのなら、別の側からもたらされた偽情報【逆情報】は通常よりもずっと広く流布されてしまうでしょう。ですから何を取材しているかにかかわらず、我々がそうした情報不足のもとで解釈を試みるために求められることは、ひとつは正確性であり、もうひとつは進行中の作戦に何らかの影響があるかどうかということです。

★これらの彼の言葉は、実に微妙なニュアンスを含んでいると思われませんか?
国防省ペンタゴンの徹底した秘密主義をやんわりと批判している一方で、
「進行中の作戦に何らかの影響がある場合」は軍事機密として情報の秘匿もありうるので、
報道機関(や視聴者)はそれを加味して解釈するしかないというようなことを述べています。
この部分は、9.11事件当日のペンタゴンからの生中継で墜落した航空機はないと言い、
3日後に前言を覆した彼の、保身を兼ねた言い訳のようにも聞こえなくはありません。

現在もCNNの軍事問題専門記者としてペンタゴンの中に事務所を構えている彼が、
国防省から直接的に口止めされたのか、または無言の圧力を感じたのかは分かりませんが、
最近になって当時の彼のリポート映像が出回り、物議を醸しはじめたからには、
はたして9.11事件の当日、ペンタゴンに激突した航空機は有ったのか無かったのか、
この事件の「真実」はどちらで、「ディスインフォメーション」はどちらなのか、
何らかの弁明をしない限り、彼が自覚するとおり様々な憶測が広がって当然だと思います。
彼は記者というより国防省に属する人間で「作戦」は今も進行中ということなのでしょうか?
それともやはり真実を語ることに身の危険を感じているということなのでしょうか?

以下は、記事の全文です(抜粋したマッキンタイヤー記者の発言部分は太字に強調しました)
===============================================================================================================================
■THE PENTAGON AND THE PRESS
October 10, 2001

http://www.pbs.org/
http://www.pbs.org/newshour/bb/media/july-dec01/pentpress_10-10.html
RealAudio: http://audio.pbs.org:8080/ramgen/newshour/expansion/2001/10/10/press.rm?altplay=press.rm

≪What is it like to cover the Defense Department in the weeks following the Sept. 11 attacks? Terence Smith reports.≫

TERENCE SMITH: As the Pentagon manages a complex assault abroad, it is waging a public relations battle here at home.

TORIE CLARKE, Pentagon spokesperson: We're not talking about the direction, and we're not talking about the configuration.

TERENCE SMITH: The national media is pressing the Bush administration to be more open about military action.

DONALD RUMSFELD, Secretary of Defense: We do not discuss operations.

◆Relations with the press

TERENCE SMITH: The Pentagon and the news organizations that cover it have had their difficult moments in the past. The experiences in Grenada, Panama, and the Gulf War left neither side satisfied with either the flow of information or the way those actions were covered. But now, in this different kind of war, both the Pentagon and the press recognize that they are moving into uncharted waters likely to be more difficult than anything they have encountered in the past.

JOHN McWETHY, ABC News: There will be bombs dropping from time to time, but a lot of what happens is going to be absolutely and totally invisible.

TERENCE SMITH: John McWethy, chief national security correspondent for ABC News, wonders what the American public will know about what its forces are doing on the ground.

JOHN McWETHY: We will never know when they are pulling the trigger. We will never know when they die. It's going to be a very difficult to cover operation for the American press.

GENERAL RICHARD NEAL (Ret.): There will be friction, there's no doubt.

TERENCE SMITH: Retired General Richard Neal, who was a command spokesman during the Gulf War, now teaches senior military personnel. He says Americans and the international community will be satisfied with what information they get about military actions, even if they only learn about them substantially after they occur.

GENERAL RICHARD NEAL: I think they agree with the military knowing when that "right to know" takes place. I don't think they'll feel shortchanged or left out of the know, so to speak, if in fact they have to wait three or four days before they find out about what transpired. They're willing to wait a little bit to make sure we don't put those kids at risk.

TERENCE SMITH: So is it only the media that are concerned about this?

GENERAL RICHARD NEAL: If you want my candid opinion, yes.

MAN: That's good. We can use that.

TERENCE SMITH: But in an age of instant communication...

JOHN McWETHY: McWethy for the slot, please.

TERENCE SMITH: ...Like the videophones that are being used from northern Afghanistan...

REPORTER: We've seen significantly more explosions over the capital.

TERENCE SMITH: ...And expanding international sources for news and pictures...

REPORTER: Russian TV is reporting...

TERENCE SMITH: ...The Pentagon will not be the only source of information. George Wilson, National Journal's defense correspondent, says a war against terrorism is also a war for hearts and minds.

◆The military's story

GEORGE WILSON: If the military doesn't tell its story through the media by letting them go out and see what they are doing, then the bad guys will make up their story for them, because, you know, news abhors a vacuum, and somebody is going to be talking about what we are doing. And if the U.S. government just stiff arms us, I think they're going to be ill served.

TERENCE SMITH: The Pentagon has organized press pools to cover the current military action. But journalists remember the Gulf War. Similar pools were kept far from the front line. There were also media complaints that military censors were engaged not in security control, but image control. Wilson says the Pentagon's restrictive press rules then have strengthened the media's resolve to find outside sources this time.

GEORGE WILSON: The Persian Gulf experience, where a lot of major papers spent an awful lot of money sending reporters to the scene and couldn't get them anywhere near the action, I think that has increased their skepticism and also accelerated their preparations to get people in positions here, there, and everywhere.

TERENCE SMITH: Secretary Rumsfeld is on the record as saying he will not lie to the press.

DONALD RUMSFELD: I am 69 years old, and I don't believe it's ever happened that I've lied to the press, and I don't intend to start now.

◆An interest in secrecy

TERENCE SMITH: But some reporters say members of this administration, and Defense Secretary Rumsfeld in particular, have an almost obsessive interest in secrecy.

JAMIE McINTYRE, CNN: Pentagon, McIntyre.

TERENCE SMITH: CNN military affairs correspondent, Jamie McIntyre:

JAMIE McINTYRE: Secretary Rumsfeld has issued an edict essentially telling everybody not to talk about anything. So even the flow of routine information has been shut down, to the point where some things that are even obvious aren't acknowledged by people in the Pentagon.

TERENCE SMITH: Of particular concern to reporters is the Pentagon's refusal to comment on false stories when they circulate.

JAMIE McINTYRE: If their first instinct is not to talk at all about things, then disinformation from the other side can gain more currency than it would normally. So it's up to us, with less information, to try to figure out whether what we are reporting is, of course, a, accurate, and b, whether it could have any effect on the ongoing operation.

TORIE CLARKE: Yes, sir.

TERENCE SMITH: Pentagon Spokesperson Torie Clarke says that if the Pentagon confirms and denies parts of reports, it could give the enemy valuable information about military operations.

TORIE CLARKE: You could clean up a story to such a regard that you paint a very clear picture about what we may or may not be doing operationally. That could get on the side of "boy, we just gave them a road map."

◆Rules growing more restrictive?

TERENCE SMITH: But she insists the Pentagon is making efforts to accommodate the press in creating its rules of the road.

TERENCE SMITH: Is it a fair assumption that those rules, as you speak of them, will be more restrictive than they have been in the past?

TORIE CLARKE: No, it's not a fair assumption at all.

TERENCE SMITH: The military has learned from past operations, such as the one in Kosovo, that unpleasant truths of war, such as the killing of civilians, will be quickly publicized. In fact, four United Nations workers were among the early casualties of the U.S. bombing of Kabul. General Neal says this sort of news can be exploited by adversaries.

GENERAL NEAL: The terrorists, I mean, they have almost as good technology, in many respects, as we do, as far as communications. It's to their advantage to show those collateral damage events that may and probably will unfortunately occur.

TERENCE SMITH: Meanwhile, ongoing negotiations between the Pentagon and Washington bureau chiefs have already stumbled over a decision to allow the commanders in the field to dictate the rules of coverage. Nonetheless, Pentagon reporters still believe that the Pentagon is the only place from which to glean a complete picture of U.S. operations.

JOHN McWETHY: We will still learn bits and pieces. This is the place to cover the war, to at least get a global view. To understand the broad fabric of the war, the seat of government, Washington, DC, the Pentagon is the place to be.
===============================================================================================================================

マッキンタイヤー記者関連

▼プロフィールなど
ON CNN TV - Anchors-Reporters - Jamie McIntyre
http://www.cnn.com/CNN/anchors_reporters/mcintyre.jamie.html
Jamie McIntyre, Co-Founder - 21st Century Academy
http://www.21stcenturyacademy.com.au/jamie_mcintyre.htm

▼取材記事など
Jamie McIntyre on stepped up missile defense tests
http://archives.cnn.com/2001/US/07/13/mcintyre.debrief.otsc/
Jamie McIntyre: U.S. stresses importance of Oman's bases
http://archives.cnn.com/2001/WORLD/meast/10/04/ret.mcintyre.oman.otsc/
Jamie McIntyre on the A-Day strikes
http://cnnstudentnews.cnn.com/2003/US/03/21/otsc.irq.mcintyre/
Secretary Rumsfeld Interview with Jamie McIntyre, CNN
http://www.defense.gov/transcripts/2005/tr20050201-secdef2061.html

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