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Zundel deported, on way to Germany
Tuesday, March 1, 2005 Updated at 12:27 PM EST
Toronto -- Holocaust denier Ernst Zundel ended more than four
controversial decades in Canada on Tuesday when he was escorted onto a
plane bound for Germany, Immigration sources said.
Mr. Zundel was due in Germany within hours, where he faced immediate
arrest and prosecution for spreading hate, the sources said.
The German national, 65, has always insisted he was just setting the
historical record straight.
A Federal Court judge ruled last week, however, that Mr. Zundel's
association with white supremacist groups that espouse violence made
him a threat to national security.
Mr. Zundel had been held in solitary confinement for the past two
years in a Toronto jail under a national security certificate.
Even those who despised his views decried the use of the certificate,
which allows indefinite detention without charge or trial to those
deemed a threat to national security.
Supporters criticized the process as unfair and biased.
Mr. Zundel, 65, has no criminal record in Canada, although he has
faced years of legal battles over his views.
He had tried to gain U.S. citizenship but was arrested in Tennessee
for overstaying his visa and returned to Canada in February, 2003,
when he was immediately detained as a security threat.
Mr. Zundel came to public attention with several publications in the
early 1980s, including Did Six Million Really Die and The Hitler We
Loved and Why.
Two attempts at prosecution ultimately failed.
German officials in the city of Mannheim had issued a warrant for his
arrest on the basis of Mr. Zundel's U.S.-based website, which spreads
his message that the Holocaust was an elaborate hoax.
It is a crime in Germany to deny the Holocaust or to spread Nazi
After hearing evidence from Canada's spy agency, much of it kept
secret even from Mr. Zundel and his lawyers, Federal Court Judge
Pierre Blais sided with the government that Mr. Zundel endangered
Judge Blais, a former head of the spy agency, concluded that
Mr. Zundel was an influential figure among international neo-Nazi and
white supremacist groups that have resorted to violence to further
their political aims.
”Zundel's activities are not only a threat to Canada's national
security but also a threat to the international community of nations,”
Judge Blais said.
One supporter said Mr. Zundel had been subjected to ”a kangaroo
Mr. Zundel, who claimed to be a pacifist, was once a familiar figure
with his retinue of yellow hard-hatted followers in Toronto, where he
lived in a heavily fortified residence known as the bunker.
He was also the subject of numerous threats, and his home was once
(The Globe and Mail [http://www.theglobeandmail.com])
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