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(回答先: 国連「ダルフールでジェノサイドは無かったが人類に対する罪はあった（！）」（エル・ムンド） 投稿者 バルセロナより愛を込めて 日時 2005 年 2 月 01 日 22:16:42)
Last Updated: Friday, 28 January, 2005, 12:20 GMT
Wanted Serbian general surrenders
*A Serbian army general, Vladimir Lazarevic, has surrendered and will go to the UN war crimes tribunal in The Hague next week to face charges.
Mr Lazarevic is one of four generals indicted 15 months ago in connection with war crimes in Kosovo in 1999.
His surrender was announced by the Serbian government on Friday.
War crimes investigators have been putting pressure on Belgrade to hand over suspects still wanted over the 1990s Balkan wars.
Mr Lazarevic made the decision to surrender during talks on Friday with Serbian Prime Minister Vojislav Kostunica, the statement said.
It said his decision showed his wish "to fulfil, in this most difficult way, his duty to the fatherland and to help his country".
Mr Lazarevic, 55, led Serbia's Pristina Corps during the Kosovo crisis, including the 1999 Nato bombing.
He was made commander of the Third Army in Kosovo in March, 2000.
The indictment says he and three other Serbian generals "planned, instigated, ordered, committed" crimes against Kosovo Albanians during Belgrade's campaign against separatist guerrillas.
Police General Sreten Lukic and Army General Nebojsa Pavkovic are also wanted in The Hague. They are reported to be in poor health.
A fourth indicted general, Vlastimir Djordjevic, is believed to be in Russia.
The indictment says forces under their command "murdered hundreds of Kosovo Albanian civilians" in a "deliberate and widespread or systematic campaign of terror and violence".
The violence resulted "in the forced deportation of approximately 800,000 Kosovo Albanian civilians," it says.
Angered by Belgrade's perceived reluctance to hand over suspects, the United States has suspended financial and political aid to Serbia.
The European Union has made it clear that the development of closer EU-Serbia ties depends on Belgrade extraditing wanted war crimes suspects.
Last Updated: Monday, 31 January, 2005, 01:50 GMT
Bosnian ex-general goes on trial
By Geraldine Coughlan
BBC News, The Hague
*The former head of the Bosnian army, Sefer Halilovic, is going on trial at The Hague over the killing of Bosnian Croat civilians during the civil war.
Mr Halilovic is the most senior Bosnian Muslim commander to face trial at the international war crimes tribunal.
The court is also set to rule in the case of the former Yugoslav general, Pavle Strugar.
Mr Strugar is charged over the 1991 siege of the medieval Croatian coastal town of Dubrovnik.
Prosecutors have asked for a sentence of 15 years for Mr Strugar.
His lawyers argued that he was suffering from dementia and unfit to stand trial.
A retired vice-admiral in the Yugoslav army, Miodrag Jokic, who pleaded guilty to war crimes at Dubrovnik, was sentenced to seven years in prison.
*Central Bosnia offensive
Sefer Halilovic is charged with responsibility for the murder of Bosnian Croat civilians.
The indictment says they were killed in 1993 during an operation code-named Neretva-93 - to retake territory controlled by Bosnian Croat forces and to end the blockade of the city of Mostar.
Two other Bosnian Muslim officers are currently on trial for war crimes in central Bosnia.
UN jails Yugoslav general over attack on Dubrovnik
By Harvey McGavin
01 February 2005
A Yugoslav general who failed to prevent his forces from killing civilians during the bombing of the Croatian city of Dubrovnik in 1991 was sentenced to eight years in prison by the UN war crimes tribunal yesterday.
Pavle Strugar, 71, was found guilty of violating laws and customs of war, for not doing enough to deter the attack on civilians and for not punishing the officers responsible. He was acquitted of murder and of having ordered the bombing of the medieval port during the 1991-95 war between Yugoslavia and Croatia.
More than 50 people were killed, hundreds wounded and dozens of ancient buildings within the Old Town - a Unesco world heritage site - were destroyed during the three month siege of the city which began soon after Croatia declared independence from Yugoslavia in July 1991.
Strugar had pleaded not guilty to six counts of war crimes, including murder, cruel treatment of civilians and destroying cultural landmarks in a 10-hour bombardment from land and sea on 6 December 1991.
Judge Kevin Parker, at the International Criminal Tribunal for former Yugoslavia in the Hague, noted that a lower-ranking naval admiral, Miodrag Jokic, ordered the 6 December attack on Dubrovnik. Jokic, 70, was last March sentenced to seven years in prison.
But Strugar, as Jokic's superior, "should have seen the urgent need to determine if the Yugoslav People's Army artillery was in fact shelling the town without justification, and if so, assure the attack on the Old Town was stopped," the judge said. "He did not do so."
"You were not the immediate commander of those responsible. That was Admiral Jokic. Your criminal liability arises because you failed to take adequate measures to stop the shelling of the old town and because you failed to ensure that those responsible for the attack were disciplined."
Judge Parker said the court took into account Strugar's deteriorating health, age and other personal matters in deciding his sentence. His lawyers said they would appeal. Strugar will remain in custody before being transferred to another country to serve his sentence, pending the outcome of the appeal.
*The European Union yesterday threatened to postpone membership talks with Croatia, due to begin next month, saying the former Yugoslav republic was not doing enough to hand over a fugitive war crimes suspect to the court in the Hague.
EU leaders are starting entry negotiations with the Balkan nation on 17 March if its government cooperates fully with the UN war crimes investigators by helping to bring ex-General Ante Gotovina before the tribunal. The EU's executive Commission said Zagreb seemed to lack the will to catch Gotovina, who they believe is hiding in Croatia or the Croat area of Bosnia - within the reach of the government.
Enlargement Commissioner Olli Rehn said: "If there is no progress on the Croatian side we are prepared to postpone talks."
Last Updated: Monday, 31 January, 2005, 13:37 GMT
General jailed for Dubrovnik role
*Former Yugoslav general Pavle Strugar has been sentenced to eight years in jail for his role in the 1991 siege of the Croatian town of Dubrovnik.
At least 50 people died and hundreds were wounded during the three-month siege of the medieval town.
The UN war crimes tribunal at The Hague ruled that he did not order the bombing but "failed to stop the attack when he could have done so".
Strugar was acquitted of four charges including the killing of two civilians.
He was found guilty of two war crimes charges - attacks on civilians and destruction or wilful damage done to historic monuments.
The judges ruled that Strugar also "failed to ensure that those responsible for the attack were disciplined".
*Bosnian Muslim trial
The bombardment on 6 December 1991, which the court heard lasted more than 10 hours, destroyed much of Dubrovnik's protected Old Town, which has been a Unesco World Heritage site since 1979.
A retired vice-admiral in the Yugoslav army, Miodrag Jokic, pleaded guilty to war crimes at Dubrovnik and was sentenced to seven years in prison.
The war crimes tribunal at The Hague is also currently hearing the trial of the former head of the Bosnian army, Sefer Halilovic, over the killing of Bosnian Croat civilians during the civil war.
Mr Halilovic is the most senior Bosnian Muslim commander to face trial at the tribunal.
His charges relate to an operation code-named Neretva-93 - to retake territory controlled by Bosnian Croat forces and to end the blockade of the city of Mostar in 1993.
The BBC's Geraldine Coughlan at The Hague says many Serbs accuse the court of bias against them and claim it prosecutes more Serbs than members of other ethnic groups.
Most of those prosecuted are Serbs. But the court has also indicted senior figures from all three of Bosnia's ethnic groups.
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