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尖閣領有は「核心的利益」 中国、台湾など同列に(東京新聞)
http://www.asyura2.com/09/china02/msg/584.html
投稿者 gataro 日時 2010 年 10 月 03 日 19:28:26: KbIx4LOvH6Ccw
 

http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2010100302000036.html
ウェブ魚拓:http://megalodon.jp/2010-1003-1920-22/www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/world/news/CK2010100302000036.html

【国際】
尖閣領有は「核心的利益」 中国、台湾など同列に
2010年10月3日 朝刊

 【上海=小坂井文彦】二日付の香港紙サウスチャイナ・モーニング・ポストは中国外交筋の話として、中国政府が今年に入って、沖縄県・尖閣諸島(中国名・釣魚島)を含む東シナ海の領有権を、台湾やチベット、新疆ウイグル両自治区と同列で、国家の領土保全にとって最も重要な「核心的利益」に位置付けたと報じた。

 九月七日に尖閣諸島付近で起きた海上保安庁の巡視船と中国漁船の衝突事件をめぐって、中国側が強硬姿勢を示した背景には、この政策変更があるとする専門家の見方も伝えている。

 同紙によると、中国指導部は昨年末に開いた会議で、領土などに関する問題を「国家の利益」と「国家の核心的利益」の二種類に分類すると決定。今年に入り、尖閣諸島を含む東シナ海の問題を、国家の本質的利益に直結することを意味し、妥協を拒む「核心的利益」とした。

 東南アジア各国と領有権問題を抱える南シナ海について中国は三月、米国側に「核心的利益」に属すると表明したと伝えられるが、東シナ海については、これまで具体的な位置付けを明言していない。

-----------------------------------

香港紙サウスチャイナ・モーニング・ポストの英文記事はこちら ⇒

http://www.scmp.com/portal/site/SCMP/menuitem.2af62ecb329d3d7733492d9253a0a0a0/?vgnextoid=0ab8a93cfa86b210VgnVCM100000360a0a0aRCRD&ss=china&s=news

Diaoyus row marks shift in Beijing's diplomatic posture
Growing power emboldens China to be more aggressive

Cary Huang in Beijing
Oct 02, 2010

First there was Taiwan, Tibet and Xinjiang and then the South China Sea. Now the Diaoyu Islands have become the latest addition to China's "core interests" when it comes to territorial integrity.
The elevation of the islands, in the strategically important East China Sea, to the same level of national interest as Tibet and Taiwan this year speaks volumes about China's increasing naval ambitions and intensifying competition in Asia's oceans.

Beijing has put its dispute with Tokyo over the Diaoyus into the category of "core national interest" under a newly established diplomatic system to classify its major disputes with foreign nations, according to diplomats familiar with the process.

China never publicly announced it has classified the South China Sea and Diaoyus as "core national interests". The application of the term to the South China Sea was only made known to other countries during a meeting in March with visiting American diplomats.

Copying a system used by Western powers, Beijing has approved a new system to put major foreign relations issues into two categories, "core national interest" and "national interest", a Chinese diplomat said.

China would not make public announcement about what disputes it has classified as "core national interests", following common practice in other countries, such as the United States and Russia, the diplomat said.

While Chinese strategists could not agree on whether to classify such issues into more than two categories to enable more policy flexibility, the leadership agreed in a meeting late last year to classify major foreign relations issues into two categories.

The US has a three-category approach. Early in the 1990s it began classifying issues into "vital national interest", "important national interest" and "average national interest". Russia and other Western powers have similar policy frameworks.

"This suggests a significant change in the making of China's diplomatic policy and its tactics in dealing with foreign nations over major issues," the diplomat said. Such a system would put foreign-policy decision-making on a more scientific basis and enable various government agencies to work in a more co-ordinated manner.

The diplomat said the government had this year classified the "indisputable sovereignty" over territories and surrounding waters in the East and South China Seas as "core national interests".

In recent years, the words "core national interest" and "national interest" have been used by the official media and occasionally by officials to refer to Taiwan, Xinjiang and Tibet.

Professor David Shambaugh, director of the China policy programme at George Washington University, said the first official application of the term to the South China Sea was during a conversation between State Councillor Dai Bingguo and visiting US Deputy Secretary of State James Steinberg and the US National Security Council's Asia director, Jeffrey Bader, in March.

"To put the Diaoyu Islands dispute into the category of 'core national interest' means Beijing will brook no compromise over issues relating to it," Jin Canrong , associate dean of Renmin University's school of international relations, said. That was why Beijing was adopting a much tougher stance over the issue than it had in the past, Jin said.

China watchers noted a significant change this year. From a tit-for-tat war of words over "national interests" between Foreign Minister Yang Jiechi and US Secretary of State Hillary Rodham Clinton in July at the Asean Regional Forum in Hanoi, to the joint exercises by US and South Korean forces and counter drills by the PLA in the Yellow Sea in the past two months and the latest no-compromise spat with Tokyo over the Diaoyus, the signs suggest Beijing is adjusting its diplomacy by adopting a more aggressive stance.

China and Japan have been embroiled in a tense diplomatic stand-off for more than three weeks since Japan's arrest of a Chinese trawler captain near the Diaoyus. The captain was released last week but the dispute simmered on, with China arresting four Japanese nationals, demanding an apology and compensation from Tokyo and resorting to trade retaliation.

Wang Xinsheng , a scholar of Japanese history at Peking University, said he believed Beijing was abandoning its long-held policy of "putting aside the disputes and jointly developing the area" in its recent spat with Tokyo.

China has long observed a policy of putting aside disputes over territorial waters with neighbours and jointly developing natural resources in the East and South China Seas. But analysts say China is now pushing to extend its jurisdiction as far out to sea as possible.

Renmin University professor of international relations Shi Yinhong agreed, saying Beijing appeared to have adopted a more assertive stance in handling the Diaoyus row.

Shi said that in the past, Beijing only made vocal protests without resorting to substantial retaliation and tried to separate territorial or political disputes from normal business. This time, it had halted ministerial-level contacts and resorted to trade retaliation.

For more than two decades, China's foreign policy has been low-profile, following a famous dictum by late leader Deng Xiaoping , who urged his countrymen to "hide our capacities and bide our time".

Analysts say that now, under a new maxim of "advance with the times", China's leaders seem to be fine-tuning their approach, with increasing wealth and power emboldening the country on the world stage.


 

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コメント
 
01. 2010年10月09日 11:43:18: DmCC9k6hHM
 中国は共産国家ではなく、他国を侵略する事を「国是」にした帝国主義国家である。
中国側の発言は、後からいくらでも粉飾できる時代遅れの三文芝居である。
 何か有ると、「13億人の国民を食べさせねばならない…」というが、内地の農民はほとんど自給自足である。彼らの年収の平均が2万〜3万円というが、先ほど発表された中国で一番の長者は、個人資産が1兆円もあるという。
 このちぐはぐな格差社会を共産党がどうして独裁を維持できているのか・・。それは、恐怖政治にほかならない。

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