件名：Welcome to the Snowden Digital Surveillance Archive
媒体：Snowden Surveillance Archive
Welcome to the Snowden Digital Surveillance Archive
This archive is a collection of all documents leaked by former NSA contractor Edward Snowden that have subsequently been published by news media.
Our aim in creating this archive is to provide a tool that would facilitate citizen, researcher and journalist access to these important documents. Indexes, document descriptions, links to original documents and to related news stories, a glossary and comprehensive search features are all designed to enable a better understanding of state surveillance programs within the wider context of surveillance by the U.S. National Security Agency (NSA) along with its partners in the Five Eyes countries – U.K., Canada, Australia and New Zealand.
Our hope is that this resource will contribute to greater awareness of the broad scope, intimate reach and profound implications of the global surveillance infrastructures and practices that Edward Snowden’s historic document leak reveals.
The Snowden Archive is the result of a research collaboration between Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE) and the Politics of Surveillance Project at the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto. Partners and supporters of this initiative include the Surveillance Studies Centre, Queen's University; the Digital Curation Institute, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto; and the Centre for Free Expression, Faculty of Communications and Design, Ryerson University.
This Archive is a complete collection of all documents that former NSA contractor Edward Snowden leaked in June 2013 to journalists Laura Poitras, Glenn Greenwald and Ewen MacAskill, and subsequently were published by news media, such as The Guardian, The New York Times, The Washington Post, Der Spiegel, Le Monde, El Mundo and The Intercept. The leaked documents and their coverage have raised significant public concerns and had a major impact on intelligence policy debates internationally over issues of freedom of expression, privacy, national security and democratic governance more broadly.
The Archive also contains some documents that the U.S. Government has published which are helpful in understanding the leaked documents. The Archive does not contain any documents that have not already been published in other sources.
The approximately 400 documents currently in the Archive are a small fraction of the estimated 50,000 documents Snowden turned over. Most of these will likely not be published, but as new documents are published, they will be added to the Archive.
The curators of the Archive have no special access to documents that are not already in the public domain. Redactions that occur in the documents have been performed either by government classifiers, or by the media outlets that first published the documents.
Creating the Archive
The descriptions contained in this archive are the work of interested amateurs in the area of state intelligence, without detailed insight into the legal and technological issues that the documents describe. If readers identify any potential inaccuracies, they are encouraged to contact the curators, who will endeavour to improve the collection.
The Archive was designed and built by George Raine, a recent graduate of the Faculty of Information’s Master of Information program at the University of Toronto, with the assistance of Jillian Harkness, currently a student in this program
The Snowden Archive has been prepared using Greenstone, an open source suite of software for building and distributing digital library collections. Greenstone is produced by the New Zealand Digital Library Project at the University of Waikato, and developed and distributed in cooperation with UNESCO and the Human Info NGO.
Canadian Journalists for Free Expression (CJFE)
The Politics of Surveillance Project in the Faculty of Information at the University of Toronto, led by Dr. Andrew Clement, is a sub-project of The New Transparency: Surveillance and Social Sorting project, based at Queens University, led by Dr. David Lyon.
Surveillance Studies Centre, Queen's University
Digital Curation Institute, Faculty of Information, University of Toronto
Centre for Freedom of Expression, Faculty of Communications and Design, Ryerson University
Support for the initial development of the Archive came from The New Transparency: Surveillance and Social Sorting, a seven-year Major Collaborative Research Initiative funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
We welcome your feedback. If you think we are missing any documents in the archive, spot errors or otherwise have comments and suggestions to make, please contact us at: firstname.lastname@example.org
Iman B. Rad
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